Posterior urethral valves is a condition in the male urethra that causes an obstructive and abnormal flow of urine. These obstructive flaps of tissues can occur congenital ie pre-natal or acquired after birth.
Types & Causes:
- Cogenital- From birth (Prenatal)
- Low levels of amniotic fluid and problems
- Urinary tract swelling detected in prenatal ultrasound.
- Bloody urine (hematuria)
- Lump in the abdomen (abdominal mass)
- Kidney infection
- Poor growth in infants (failure to thrive)
- Urinary tract infection, usually with fever
- Prenatal ultrasound.
- Radigraphic imaging.
- Voiding cystourethrogram.
- Cathedral treatment after birth.
- Endoscopic valve ablation.
- Fetal intervention in severe cases (between 3 to 8 weeks of pregnancy).
- Prophylactic antibiotics
- Anticholinergic medication.
- Kidney failure risk 20%.
- Urine leakage.
- Urine incontinency.
- Abnormalities in bladder storage.
Prevention & Precaution is Better than Cure:
Regularly monitor bladder/ kidney functions.
All above, treatments are finalized taking into consideration the overall health, severity, age and other ailments of the patient.