Prostate Cancer

What Is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer that mostly occurs in men above 50 years of age is characterized by its slow growth. Prostate a small, walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid which transports the sperms is thus an important organ of the male reproductive system.

Beware:

Some commonly known causes that makes an individual more susceptible to prostate cancer.

  • Age is above 50 or 65 years of age.
  • Black men have a high rate of susceptibility.
  • Hereditary, yes, genes can pass down prostate cancer.
  • Obesity.
  • Smoking and unhealthy, unnatural lifestyle.
  • Unhealthy diet lacking in fruits, vegetables.
  • Overdose of calcium intake.
  • Previous occurrence of prostate cancer.

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When to approach your doctor?:

  • Frequent and painful urination.
  • Reduction in the stream of urine.
  • Irregularities during sexual intercourse and ejaculation.
  • Occurrence of blood in the urine or semen.
  • Aching, discomfort, stiffness in the lower back, pelvis region, etc.
  • Swelling/ inflammation of legs.
  • Aching bones.
  • Advance Prostate Cancer:
  • Extreme fatigue and constant weakness.
  • Sudden weight loss.
  • Broken bones, increased back pain.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Total erectile dysfunction.
    Diagnosis Tests:
  • (PSA) prostate specific antigen test
  • Biopsy.
  • DRE test.
  • Trans-rectal Ultrasound Scan (TRUS)
  • Advance prostate cancer:
  • Isotope bone scan
  • X-ray
  • MRI scan
  • CT scan

Stages & Treatments for Prostate Cancer:

  • Early Stage: Cancer cells limited to lining testicles.
  • Low Grade: Cancer cells grown beyond the testicles (metasized).
    Treatment:
  • Watchful waiting- For older men.
  • Surgery or removal of the prostate gland- for younger men.
  • Radio therapy- For men with symptoms.
  • Hormonal therapy- Post hormonal therapy.
  • External beam radiotherapy.
  • Brachytherapy.
  • Cryotherapy.
  • High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU).

Moderate-High Grade: Cancer cells begin to spread from the lining to the muscular walls of the bladder.
Treatment:
Radiotherapy using an external machine/ directly into the prostate gland (Brachy therapy)
Failure of radiotherapy:

  • Radical Prostatectomy- Remove prostate gland surgicaly.
  • Bilateral Orchidectomy.

Locally Advanced : Cancer cells advanced to nearby blood stream and blood cells.
Treatment:

  • Radiotherapy.
  • Hormonal therapy.
  • Watchful waiting.
  • Surgery.
  • Combination treatment.

Advanced: Cancer in this stage may or may not have spread to other parts of the body like
Treatment:
Hormonal therapy.
Surgery.

  • Chemotherapy.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Controlling symptoms.
  • Trans urethral resection of the prostate to facilitate smooth passage of urine. (TURP)
  • Surgery – not recommended.

Treatment for prostate cancer spread to other parts of body:

  • Incurable.
  • Can be treated treatment to control the cancer and symptoms.

Recurrent cancer:
Sometimes even after curative treatment cancers do reoccur in the kidney or any other part of the body.
Treatment:

  • Radical prostatectomy.
  • Bilateral Orchidectomy.

At all above stages, treatments are finalized taking into consideration the overall health, severity, age and other ailments of the patient.

Aternative Therapies:
Acupunture, nutritional & mind-body healing,etc.
Regular follow-up with your is utmost important post-treatment.