Penile Cancer

What Is Penile Cancer?

Penis is the male reproductive organ that facilitates the passage of urine and sperms from the body and contains two types of erectile spongy tissues made up of blood vessels that fill up with blood at the time of erection.

Beware:

Some commonly known causes that makes an individual more susceptible to penile cancer.

  • Age is above 60 years of age.
  • Phimosis condition in which the foreskin of the penis cannot be pulled back over the glands.
  • Hereditary, yes, genes can pass down penile cancer.
  • Lack of personal Hygiene.
  • Smoking and unhealthy, unnatural lifestyle.
  • Mutiple sexual partners.
  • Tobacco and tobacco products consumption.
  • Infection with of HPV human papillomavirus.

When to approach your doctor?:

  • Soreness, redness, irritation of the penis.
  • Lump on the penis.
  • Discharge and bleeding.

Types Of  Penile Cancer:

  • Corpora cavernosa: Cancer of the both columns of erectile tissue that form most of the penis.
  • Corpus spongiosum: Cancer of the column of erectile tissue that forms a small portion of the penis that surrounds the urethra (passage of urine and sperms).

Penile Cancer Diagnosis:

  • CT scan (CAT scan)
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Ultrasound exam

Penile Cancer Stages:

  • Stage 0: Situ Carcinoma – cancer cells limited to skin surface of the penis.
  • Stage I: Cancer is well-formed also spread to the connective tissue under the penis skin.
  • Stage II: Cancer cells have spread on to:

Erectile tissue/ Connective tissue under the penis skin.
One lymph node located in the groin.
An erectile tissue, one lymph node located in the groin.

  • Stage III: Cancer cells have spread on to:
    Erectile tissue/ connective tissue under the penis.
    One or more lymph nodes on one/ both sides of the groin.
    Urethra/ prostate,
    One or more lymph nodes on one/ both sides of the groin.
  • Stage IV: Cancer cells have spread on to:
    Tissues located near the penis.
    Lymph nodes in the groin or pelvis.
    Any region in or near the penis.
    One or more lymph nodes deep in the groin/ pelvis.
    Remote parts of the body.

Recurrent cancer:
Sometimes even after curative treatment cancers may reoccur in the penis or any other part of the body.

Penile Cancer Treatment:

Surgery:

    • Laser surgery,
    • Circumcision.
    • Mohs microsurgery: Removal of tumor on the skin in thin layers.
    • Cryosurgery: Freeze and destroy abnormal tissue.
    • Wide local excision: Remove only the cancer cells and some unaffected tissue surrounding it.
    • Amputation of the penis: Remove part (Partial Penectomy) or whole (total Penectomy) of the penis.
    • Radiosensitizers: Drugs used to sensitize tumor cells before radiotherapy.
    • Radiation Therapy.
    • Chemotherapy.
    • Biologic Therapy: Use of immune system to fight cancer.
    • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy:Surgical removal of the sentinel lymph node by injecting a blue dye near the tumor site and the infected lymph node receives the dye and thus removed.

At all above stages, treatments are finalized taking into consideration the overall health, severity, age and other ailments of the patient.

Alternative Therapies:

  • Acupunture, nutritional & mind-body healing, etc.
  • Regular follow-up with your is utmost important post-treatment.