Sometimes, more often in men than in women, the excess salts and minerals like calcium, sodium, phosphate, etc. become solidified and formed into stone-like, hard, crystaline structures. Such stone disease is one of the most prevalent urological disorders. This condition of stones when in the bladder is known as Cystolith. The size can vary from sugar crystal to a small ball.
What Causes Bladder Stones?
- Gender: Male are more susceptible than women.
- Region: Asians and Caucasians are more susceptible.
- Weather: People living in hot and dry areas are more susceptible.
- Neurogenic bladder.
- Hereditary metabolic abnormalities.
- Urinary tract infection.
- Inflammatory bowel syndrome.
- Low intake of fluids.
- Over exertion.
- Gout/ Cystinuria/ Hyperparathyroidism/ Renal tubular acidosis.
- Hypercalciuria/ hyperoxaluria/ cystinuria.
- High Blood Pressure.
- Hyperuricemia: High uric acid levels.
- High deposits of calcium/ phosphate/ oxalate.
- High amounts of uric acid, magnesium/ ammonium/ amino acid/ cystine.
- Ostomy surgery.
- Intestinal bypass.
- Side effect of HIV treatment durg.
- Side effect of diuretics, antacids with high calcium.
- High consumption of animal protein, salt, proteins, vitamin D, oxalate
- Low consumption of dietary calcium.
Gall Bladder Stone Types:
- Calcium stones.
- Uric acid stones.
- Small & smooth.
- Ragged, broken, pointed.
- Large golf ball size.
What Are The Symptoms Of Bladder Stones?
- Problematic urination.
- Reduced volumes of urine.
- Penile/ testicular aches.
- Cloudy urine.
- Abnormal/ dark-colored urine
- Occurrence of blood in the urine.
- Urgency of urination.
- Frequent fevers.
- Occasional chills.
- A fluctuating pain in the lower back, groin, or abdomen area.
Bladder Stone Diagnosis:
- Urine Analysis.
- Blood test.
- Imaging tests:
- Helical CT scans.
- Ultrasound test for pregnant women.
Treatment For Bladder Stones:
- Kidney stone size based treatment:
- Recommended high intake of fluids help the stones pass within 48 hours, out of the body.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Vitamin and supplements.
- Medium sized stones: (9mm to 10mm)
- Calcium channel blockers.
- Alpha blockers.
- Lithotripsy- Shock waves.
Prevention & Precaution is Better than Cure:
- Regular check-up and tests.
- Healthy balanced meals.
- High intake of water.
- Certain dietary changes:
- Foods to avoid: oxalate-rich foods like spinach, peanuts, rhubarb, wheat germ.
- Avoid tofu, tea, coffee, beans, berries, oranges, sweet potato.
- Avoid fatty foods.
- High intake of fibrous foods.
All above, treatments are finalized taking into consideration the overall health, severity, age and other ailments of the patient.